The Chief Scientist of Samurai Scientists, LLC, Russell Kurtz, has published (to date) nine articles in peer-reviewed journals, one book chapter, and 29 conference proceedings, as well as a Bachelors thesis and a Ph.D. dissertation. He has received eight patents and has five pending. Most of these publications, listed here (and with abstracts on the related detail pages of this website), can be downloaded from this page.

Articles, Theses, and Book Chapters:

  1. Kurtz, R.M. “The Manufacturability of OLED Encapsulation and Light Extraction.” Vector. Muldersdrift, South Africa: EE Publishers; 2017.
  2. Kurtz, R.M.; Nesbitt, R. “Enhanced Surface Metrology.” JCMSC. 7(1): 14-19; 2012 Spring.
  3. Kurtz, R.M.; Nesbitt, R. “Improving the Accuracy of Surface Metrology.” Opt Eng. 50(7): 73605; 2011 July.
  4. Kurtz, R.M.; Lu, W.; Piranian, J., et al. “The Fast Photorefractive Effect and Its Application to Vibrometry.” J Hologr Speckle. 5: 149-155; 2009. doi:10.1166/jhs.2009.1008.
  5. Kurtz, R.M.; Pradhan, R.D.; Tun, N., et al. “Mutual Injection Locking: A New Architecture for High-Power Solid-State Laser Arrays.” IEEE J Selec Top Quantum Elec. 11(3): 578-585; 2005. doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2005.850240.
  6. Kurtz, R. “Increasing Your Laser System's Lifetime.” The Fabricator. 22: 34-49; 1992.
  7. Kurtz, R. Spectroscopic and 3-Micron Lasing Properties of Erbium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet and the Effects of Holmium Co-Doping [Ph.D. Dissertation]. [Los Angeles, California]: University of Southern California; 1991. 100 p.
  8. Shi, W.Q.; Kurtz, R.; Machan, J., et al. “Simultaneous, Multiple Wavelength Lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12.” Appl Phys Lett. 51(16): 1218-1220; 1987 Oct 19. doi:10.1063/1.98735.
  9. Machan, J.; Kurtz, R.; Bass, M., et al. “Simultaneous, Multiple Wavelength Lasing of (Ho, Nd):Y3Al5O12.” Appl Phys Lett. 51(17): 1313-1315; 1987 Oct 26. doi:10.1063/1.98713.
  10. Bass, M.; Shi, W.Q.; Kurtz, R., et al. “Operation of the High Dopant Density Er:YAG at 2.94 µm.” In: Budgor, A.B.; Esterowitz, L.; DeShazer, L.G., editors. Vol. 52, Tunable Solid-State Lasers II. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1986. p. 300-305.
  11. Kurtz, R.M. A High-Efficiency Switching Power Supply [Bachelor’s Thesis]. [Cambridge, Massachusetts]: Massachusetts Institute of Technology; 1981.

Conference Proceedings:

  1. Kurtz, R.M. “How Lasers Are Like Wolves: A Deep Dive into Laser Performance Analysis, Rate Equations, and Ion-Ion Interactions.” Presented at IEEE SoCal Tech Talk. Online: 2021.
  2. Kurtz, R.M.; Forrester, T.C. “Optimizing Reception Bandwidth of a Pulsed Signal.” In: Molebny, V., editor. Laser Radar Technologies and Applications XXV. Online Only, California: SPIE; 11410, 2020. p. 114100B. doi:10.1117/12.2558339.
  3. Gulses, A.A.; Rai, S.; Padiyar, J., et al. “Laser Beam Shaping with Computer-Generated Holograms for Fiducial Markings.” In: Dudley, A.; Laskin, A.V., editors. Laser Beam Shaping XIX. San Diego, California: SPIE; 11107, 2019. p. 1110716.
  4. Gulses, A.A.; Kurtz, R.M.; Islas, G.; Anisimov, I. “Lasers with Intra-Cavity Phase Elements.” In: Glebov, A.L.; Leisher, P.O., editors. High Power/Energy Laser Components and Packaging IV. San Francisco, California: SPIE; 10513, 2018. p. 1051342.
  5. Kurtz, R. “Manufacturability of OLED Encapsulation and Light Extraction.” Presented at OLED Stakeholders Meeting. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: 2015.
  6. Kurtz, R.M.; Nesbitt, R. “Enhanced Surface Metrology.” Coordinate Metrology Systems Conference. Phoenix, Arizona, 2011.
  7. Kurtz, R.M.; Lu, W.; Piranian, J.; Okorogu, A.O. “Photorefractive Amplification at High Frequencies.” In: Bjelkhagen, H.I., editor. Practical Holography XXV: Materials and Applications. San Francisco, California: Proc. SPIE; 7957, 2011. p. 79570K. doi:10.1117/12.875761.
  8. Kurtz, R.M. “Directed Acoustic Shearography.” In: Kazemi, A.A.; Kress, B.C.; Chan, E.Y., editors. Photonics in the Transportation Industry: Auto to Aerospace III. Orlando, Florida, USA: SPIE; 7675, 2010. p. 76750B-76758.
  9. Yang, Y.; Pradhan, R.D.; Kurtz, R.M., et al. “Portable LIBS and Raman Spectroscopy Standoff Chemical Analysis System.” Presented at Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets XII. Orlando, Florida: 2007. (Presentation only.)
  10. Kurtz, R.M.; Alim, K.A.; Pradhan, R.D., et al. “High Speed Nano-Optical Photodetector for Free Space Communication.” In: George, T.; Cheng, Z., editors. Micro (MEMS) and Nanotechnologies for Space Applications II. Orlando, FL: SPIE; 6556, 2007. p. 65560H.
  11. Calizo, I.; Alim, K.A.; Fonoberov, V.A., et al. “Micro-Raman Spectroscopic Characterization of ZnO Quantum Dots, Nanocrystals and Nanowires.” In: Eyink, K.G.; Huffaker, D.L.; Szmulowicz, F., editors. Quantum Dots, Particles, and Nanoclusters IV: SPIE; 6481, 2007. p. 64810N.
  12. Kurtz, R.M.; Okorogu, A.O.; Piranian, J., et al. “High-Frequency Photorefractive Amplification for ATR Applications.” In: Yu, F.T.S.; Guo, R.; Yin, S., editors. Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications XI. San Diego, California: SPIE; 6314, 2006. p. 63140O.
  13. Pradhan, R.D.; Vaidyanathan, N.; Forrester, T., et al. “Self-Healing Optical and Electrical Conduits for Wearable Personal Area Networks.” Presented at Nanophotonic Materials and Systems II. San Diego, California: 2005. (Presentation only; text unavailable.)
  14. Kurtz, R.M.; Pradhan, R.D.; Parfenov, A.V., et al. “High Speed Nanotechnology-Based Photodetector.” In: Gaburro, Z.; Cabrini, S., editors. Nanophotonic Materials and Systems II. San Diego, California: SPIE; 5925, 2005. p. 111-120.
  15. Kurtz, R.M.; Pradhan, R.D.; Aye, T.M., et al. “Development of an Automultiscopic True 3D Display.” Future Display Technologies: SPIE; 5801B, 2005. p. 287-294.
  16. Kurtz, R.M.; Pradhan, R.D.; Aye, T.M., et al. “Image Tiling for a High-Resolution Helmet-Mounted Display.” Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays X: Technologies and Applications. Orlando, Florida: SPIE; 5800, 2005. p. 130-137.
  17. Kurtz, R.M.; Parfenov, A.V.; Pradhan, R.D., et al. “A New Approach to Wideband Scene Projection.” Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2005. Orlando, Florida: SPIE; 5813, 2005. p. 312-320.
  18. Kurtz, R.M. “Determination of the Er3+ to Ho3+ Energy Transfer Coefficient in (Er, Ho):YAG.” In: Dubinskii, M., editor. Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review. Los Angeles, California: Directed Energy Professional Society, 2005. p. SS1-1.
  19. Kurtz, R.M.; Pradhan, R.D.; Aye, T.M., et al. “Long-Range Phase Conjugate Interferometry.” Spaceborne Sensors. Orlando, FL: SPIE; 5418, 2004. p. 115-126.
  20. Kurtz, R.M.; Pradhan, R.D.; Aye, T.M., et al. “Injection Locking Efficiency of Two Independent Lasers.” Laser Systems Technology. Orlando, FL: SPIE; 5413, 2004. p. 41-49.
  21. Kurtz, R.M.; Piliavin, M.A.; Pradhan, R.D., et al. “Reflection Shearography for Non-Destructive Evaluation.” In: Gerhart, G.R.; Shoemaker, C.M.; Gage, D.W., editors. Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology VI. Orlando, FL: SPIE; 5422, 2004. p. 532-540.
  22. Kurtz, R.; Pradhan, R.D.; Aye, T.M., et al. “Nanomotion Measurement by Phase Conjugate Interferometry.” In: Zhao, F., editor. CLEO. San Francisco, California: Optical Society of America, 2004. p. CTuX2.
  23. Kurtz, R.; Pradhan, R.D.; Aye, T.M., et al. “Mutual Injection Locking of Solid-State Lasers.” In: Langford, N., editor. CLEO. San Francisco, California: Optical Society of America, 2004. p. CTuCC7.
  24. Jannson, T.P.; Shnitser, P.I.; Kostrzewski, A.A., et al. “HWIL LIDAR Imaging Sensor, 3-D Synthetic and Natural Environment, and Temporal ATR.” In: Murrer Jr., R.L., editor. Technologies for Synthetic Environments: Hardware-in-the-Loop Testing VII. Orlando, Florida: SPIE; 4717, 2002. p. 68-76. doi:10.1117/12.474708.
  25. Kurtz, R.M. “Technologies for E-Business.” Presented at The Seminar on Practical Strategies for the Deployment of Global Electronic Commerce. Lagos, Nigeria: 1999. (Presentation only; text unavailable.)
  26. Kurtz, R.; Fathe, L.; Birnbaum, M. “New Laser Lines of Erbium in Yttrium Aluminum Garnet.” In: Jenssen, H.P.; Dubé, G., editors. Advanced Solid State Lasers. Salt Lake City, Utah: Optical Society of America; 6, 1990. p. 247-250.
  27. Kurtz, R.; Fathe, L.; Machan, J.; Birnbaum, M. “Multiple-Wavelength Lasing of (Er, Ho):YAG.” In: Jenssen, H.P.; Shand, M.L., editors. Advanced Solid State Lasers. Salt Lake City, Utah: Optical Society of America; 5, 1989. p. 175-178.
  28. Machan, J.; Kurtz, R.; Bass, M., et al. “The (Holmium, Neodymium):Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Multiple Wavelength Solid-State Laser.” Tunable Solid-State Lasers. Hilton Head, North Carolina: Optical Society of America; 3, 1987.
  29. Swimm, R.T.; Bass, M.; Fathe, L., et al. “Spot Size Dependent Laser Materials Interactions Due to Surface Electromagnetic Waves.” Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials. Boulder, Colorado: NIST, 1986.
  30. Bass, M.; Shi, W.Q.; Kurtz, R., et al. “Room Temperature Operation of the 50% Doped Er:YAG Laser at 2940 nm.” Tunable Solid-State Lasers: OSA, 1986. p. ThT1.


  1. Ai, J.; Dimov, F.; Kurtz, R.M.; Gorce, E.J., inventors; Luminit, LLC assignee. Compound Eye Laser Illumination Seeker. Patent US010890417B2. 2021 Jan 12.
  2. Kurtz, R., inventor; Luminit, LLC assignee. Reducing the Optical Effects of Domes. Patent Application Publication US2020/0161752A1. 2020 May 21.
  3. Ai, J.; Dimov, F.; Xia, X., et al., inventors; Luminit, LLC assignee. Quantum Wave-Converter. Patent US010591840B2. 2020 Mar 17. 6 p.
  4. Kurtz, R.; Gulses, A., inventors; Luminit, LLC assignee. Spectrally Pure Short-Pulse Laser. Patent US010281391B2. 2019 May 7. 7 p.
  5. Ai, J.; Dimov, F.; Kurtz, R., inventors; Luminit, LLC assignee. Compound Eye Laser Tracking Device. Patent US010281551B2. 2019 May 9.
  6. Kurtz, R.; Bennahmias, M., inventors; Luminit, LLC assignee. Graphene Anti-Corrosion Coating and Method of Application Thereof. Patent US009920447B2. 2018 March 20. 8 p.
  7. Gulses, A.; Kurtz, R., inventors; Luminit, LLC assignee. Laser Diode Enhancement Device. Patent US010090639B1. 2018 October 2.
  8. Kurtz, R.M., inventor; Luminit, LLC assignee. Holographic Solar Coupler. Patent US009310593B2. 2016 April 12. 7 p.
  9. Kurtz, R.M., inventor; Samurai Scientists, LLC assignee. Directed Acoustic Shearography. Patent US008596128B2. 2013 Dec 3. 5 p.